This week The New Yorker ran a fascinating article called, "To Donate Your Kidney, Click Here". More and more people are turning to Facebook to try and find living organ donors. And while many have found tremendous success using this strategy, the article highlights the serious ethical concerns that now face the medical and public health communities in light of this trend.
Concerns About Disparities
While data show that Facebook is the most popular social networking site among online adults, we do not know how social media advocacy skills translate across demographic variables. In The New Yorker article, Dr. Dan O'Connor of Johns Hopkins University asks "“Whenever you’re using platforms like Facebook, the question is, what kind of person, what demographic profile has the time and energy and communication skills to make this work?” [bolding added]
Dr. Michael Shapiro (who chooses not to perform kidney transplants on donor-recipient pairs who met through online advertising) said, “It’s not hard to imagine that if you’re attractive and young and appealing, it’s easier to get people to donate to you than if you’re short or ugly or have a hunchback. And that’s not the way we want the system to work." [bolding added]
While there is limited research regarding Facebook donor-recipient matching, research out of Loyola University offers support for Dr. Shapiro's concerns. After examining Facebook pages seeking kidney donation, the researchers found that certain types of pages (i.e., white patients and those with more posts) were more likely to have people come forward and get tested to be a possible donor.
Leveling The Playing Field
As with any health or access disparity, public health needs to innovate solutions to narrow the gap. The New Yorker article discussed Dr. Andrew Cameron (a transplant surgeon at Johns Hopkins) who is working on one possible solution. He is developing a smartphone application which may level the playing field for patients/families for which social media tools and advocacy resources are less intuitive or accessible. The app would offer a “template” for those in need of organs to tell their story, and would provide a system for those users to connect directly with transplant centers and social media resources.
What Do You Think?
- Does donor matching on Facebook provide an advantage to certain demographic groups?
- What can we do to level the playing field for those patients/families with (1) limited access to social media tools or advocacy skills? (2) stories that may be "less attractive" to the public?
- Are you surprised that some surgeons (e.g., Dr. Michael Shapiro profiled in The New Yorker) choose not to operate on pairs who meet through online advertising?
Bonus Read: This is not the first time that Facebook has been part of the organ donation dialogue. Last May I wrote about Facebook's "share life" tool, which allows users to share their organ donation status on their timeline. Since then, research has shown that the tool is effective in increasing donor numbers.